Ajax the Great - Wikipedia
Oct 29, The Book of Mormon can help you build a relationship with God. Achilles and Ajax were cousins, both trained by Chiron at the same time - so. According to Homer's epic the Iliad *, only Achilles* was a greater warrior than Ajax. Of great size and stature, Ajax supposedly looked like a tower when he went. Ajax or Aias is a mythological Greek hero, the son of King Telamon and Periboea , and the Unlike Diomedes, Agamemnon, and Achilles, Ajax appears as a mainly defensive warrior, instrumental in the defence of the Greek camp and ships.
Acting as the voice of reason, Odysseus asserts that Ajax deserves the honor. Not to bury him would do serious dishonor to the gods. Agamemnon disagrees and argues with Odysseus that to bury Ajax would make Menelaus and Agamemnon appear weak. Agamemnon finally agrees to a burial, but only out of friendship with Odysseus. As the men begin to prepare the body for burial, the play ends. He and Teucer argue bitterly, and he also argues with Odysseus.
Finally out of friendship with Odysseus, Agamemnon permits Ajax to be buried.
Achilles and Patroclus - Wikipedia
Ajax A courageous Greek warrior, Ajax feels that he has been disrespected when he is passed over for the shield of Achilles. In his grief and disappointment he tries to sneak into the tents of the other Greek warriors and slay them. Casting a spell, Athena causes him to think that he has captured Odysseus and that he will torture him, but in reality he has killed sheep and cattle.
When the spell wears off and he recovers his wits, Ajax is deeply shamed and kills himself to save face and family honor. It becomes clear that the gods are punishing Ajax because he has rejected their help.
When Athena attempted to help Ajax during battle, he rebuffed her, stating that the gods should help lesser men. Athena The daughter of the god Zeus, Athena is the goddess of war. It is she who creates the illusion that Ajax is killing Agamemnon and Menelaus; in reality, he is slaying sheep and cattle.
She is punishing Ajax for his rejection of her help. Chorus The Chorus sings sections of the play. Their purpose is to explain events or actions and to provide commentary on the events that are occurring.
Achilles and Patroclus
During their first appearance they blame the gods for having brought such a great warrior—Ajax—so low. They also provide the voice of reason and compromise.
Eurysaces The son of Ajax and Tecmessa, Eurysaces is a small child. Menelaus Another great Athenian warrior, Menelaus appears after Ajax dies and refuses permission to have him buried. Odysseus Odysseus is a great warrior. Odysseus emerges as a strong, thoughtful leader. She loves him very much and grieves at the madness that has overtaken him. She begs Ajax not to kill himself, pointing out that her future will be at great risk. As he rides into camp he is insulted and attacked by soldiers who call his brother a madman.
He also risks his own career in arguing with Menelaus and Agamemnon over the burial of Ajax. Teucer proves himself brave and honorable. When Odysseus agrees with his argument, Teucer is appreciative and thanks Odysseus for his help. The hatred once meant for his enemies is now directed on these three warriors, and Ajax sets out to murder them in their sleep. The interference of Athena spares their lives, but his intended victims learn of how near they came to death and turn their fury on Ajax.
Choice and Fate Ajax believes that he is in control of his destiny. He thinks that his strength and reputation as a warrior should govern his fate, but he is really a pawn in the hands of the gods. When Ajax would take revenge upon Odysseus, Menelaus, and Agamemnon, it is Athena who saves their lives.
Ajax believes he is murdering his former colleagues, but Athena has cast a spell so that he is really murdering a herd of sheep. The Greeks had a different relationship with their gods. What do the speeches in Ajax suggest about the heroic ideal? Research fifth century Greek society. What is the role of women in this society? Is Tecmessa correct in being concerned about her future? Consider how Creon reacts to similar advice in Antigone and compare the way these two plays deal with a similar problem.
Research the role of early Greek drama in Greek life. What lessons would fifth-century Greek men learn from this play? Whether or not a man was good, honest, or brave had no bearing on how the gods treated him.
Instead, it depended on the whims of the gods themselves. If the gods were warring amongst themselves, they would quite likely inflict some revenge upon men, rather than on the offending deity.
This very arbitrary nature of the gods meant that men could not determine their own fates, nor could they even assume responsibility for their own behavior.
There were no rules to live by, because the gods behaved on impulse. Obviously this created a very precarious and dangerous world.
He has no warning of her anger and no way of placating it. His first mistake is in rejecting the help of the gods. Unfortunately, he is so blinded by his pride that he is unable to see that Odysseus is as strong and deserving as he is. Odysseus has qualities that Ajax lacks, such as the ability to solve conflict without weapons. Finally, it is pride that leads Ajax to kill himself. He is shamed before the other Greek warriors and cannot live with that shame.
He perceives his only recourse as suicide. Strength and Weakness Ajax is a strong and brave warrior. In fact, he is known as Ajax the Great because of his excellence. Yet the problem is he views himself as perfect. Ajax believes that he exemplifies the best of heroic man, but he forgets that heroism is more than just exhibiting bravery. It also involves making good choices, compromise, and the ability to recognize and compensate for his weaknesses. Ajax is lacking in these areas. The very strengths that he exhibits in battle—leadership of men, physical strength, and prowess with his weapons—are incomplete without these other abilities.
Initially the chorus had an important role in drama, as it does in Ajax, but eventually its role diminished. As a result, the chorus became little more than commentary between acts. Modern theater rarely uses a chorus. Drama A drama is often defined as any work designed to be presented on the stage. It consists of a story, action, and actors portraying characters.
Historically, drama can also consist of tragedy, comedy, religious pageant, and spectacle. In modern times, drama explores serious topics and themes but does not achieve the same level as tragedy. Ajax is traditional Greek drama, and as such, provides important lessons for men about their relationship with the gods.
Genre Genres are a way of categorizing literature. It can also include modern forms of literature such as drama, novels, or short stories.
This term can also refer to types of literature such as mystery, science fictioncomedy, or romance. Ajax is a Greek tragedy. Plot Plot refers to the pattern of events. Generally plots should have a beginning, middle, and conclusion—but they may also sometimes be a series of episodes connected together. Basically, the plot provides the author with the means to explore themes. Students are often confused between the two terms; but themes explore ideas, and plots simply relate what happens in a very obvious manner.
Thus the plot of Ajax is what happens to Ajax after he chooses to seek revenge upon Odysseus, Menelaus, and Agamemnon. Scene Traditionally, a scene is a subdivision of an act and consists of continuous action of a time and place.Highlights Ajax Vrouwen - Achilles '29
However, Sophocles is not using acts, and so two scenes divide the action, which is separated by only a few hours at most. Setting The time and place of the play is called the setting. The elements of setting may include geographic location, physical or mental environments, prevailing cultural attitudes, or the historical time in which the action takes place.
In the second scene, the setting moves to a nearby beach and the action spans a day. Tragic Flaw In tragedy, this is the mechanism that brings about the destruction of the hero.
While Ajax is brave, strong, and heroic, he also suffers from excessive pride. This flaw angers Athena and provokes her revenge upon Ajax. For many years Greece struggled to expand its empire, and it was inevitable that conflict would result. Athens enjoyed her first great military triumph at the Battle of Marathon in B. The numbers were probably much lower, but the odds were definitely against the Greeks, who proved that superior discipline and courage were stronger than sheer numbers.
This was the first major defeat for the Persian army, whose strength and reputation actually scared and intimidated many Greek soldiers. This victory would inspire the story of a courier who ran to Athens with news of the victory but then fell dead of exhaustion upon his arrival, thus inspiring the idea of mile marathon races, which endures to modern times. Within ten years, the tables would turn. The Persian army—then more than two million men—would score a huge victory, pushing the Greek army into retreat.
The Persians sacked Athens, but within a month, the Greeks once again got the upper hand, and in a decisive naval victory, more than Persian ships were sunk.
Within a year, the Persian invasions stopped completely, and Greece once again entered a peaceful period known as the Golden Age of Greece. These historical events are filled with heroic men and great leaders, tremendous odds and great victories, and function as the source material for much of Greek theater. Greek drama needed these larger-than-life heroes, since real life did not seem to provide material for heroic drama.
Historically, there are many complaints about Greek tradesmen, who were well known for short-changing their customers and lying about their goods. Many politicians were also thought to be dishonest, and bribery was a common way of transacting government.
Therefore, heroic warriors and brave leaders offered the role models and excitement many Greek citizens needed for their entertainment. For many Greek citizens, life revolved around not offending the gods; unfortunately, there were no hard, set rules for this. Therefore, much controversy arose from what was offensive to the gods. The Greeks used oracles and dreams to figure this out, and eventually there were certain behaviors that were established as necessary, such as extending hospitality to a traveler or not violating an oath.
Generally, gods were not interested in petty thievery, primarily because Greek political life involved bribery, corruption, and lying. Moreover, gods were also not interested in more serious crimes, except for murder.
Ajax the Great
The disposal of dead bodies was deemed important. Corpses were thought to cast a bad aura upon both victim and murderer; besides, it was a public health concern.
It was especially important to deal with corpses in a correct and ritualized manner, regardless of the cause of death. The precarious relationship between gods and humans is the basis for a number of plays during that time. Plays were performed once a year at the festival of Dionysus. In Book 14, Ajax throws a giant rock at Hector which almost kills him. Ajax, wielding an enormous spear as a weapon and leaping from ship to ship, holds off the Trojan armies virtually single-handedly.
In Book 16, Hector and Ajax duel once again. Hector then disarms Ajax although Ajax is not hurt and Ajax is forced to retreat, seeing that Zeus is clearly favoring Hector.
Hector and the Trojans succeed in burning one Greek ship, the culmination of an assault that almost finishes the war. Ajax is responsible for the death of many Trojan lords, including Phorcys. Ajax often fought in tandem with his brother Teucer, known for his skill with the bow. Ajax would wield his magnificent shield, as Teucer stood behind picking off enemy Trojans.
Achilles was absent during these encounters because of his feud with Agamemnon. In Book 9, Agamemnon and the other Mycenaean chiefs send Ajax, Odysseus and Phoenix to the tent of Achilles in an attempt to reconcile with the great warrior and induce him to return to the fight.
Although Ajax speaks earnestly and is well received, he does not succeed in convincing Achilles. When Patroclus is killed, Hector tries to steal his body.
Ajax, assisted by Menelaussucceeds in fighting off the Trojans and taking the body back with his chariot; however, the Trojans have already stripped Patroclus of Achilles' armor. Ajax's prayer to Zeus to remove the fog that has descended on the battle to allow them to fight or die in the light of day has become proverbial.
According to Hyginusin total, Ajax killed 28 people at Troy. When Achilles dies, killed by Paris with help from ApolloAjax and Odysseus are the heroes who fight against the Trojans to get the body and bury it with his companion, Patroclus. A competition is held to determine who deserves the armor.
Exekias - Wikipedia
However, this is a metaphor for the way the myth will unfold. Achilles facial features, especially that of his eyebrows, show that he is relaxed because Exekias only included a single line. Although the reader of the Iliad and the Odyssey knows the fate of both Ajax and Achilles, the noble way that Exekias depicts both of the heroes with such fine detail in the shape of a vase is so incredibly elegant.
What this vase ultimately does in a very subtle manner is show the importance of the glory of winning, whether it be in a battle or a game of dice. It also depicts the impermanence of human life and how men should take the time, even in a moment of relaxation from a battle, to enjoy the smaller things with friends. Although this vase does not exactly answer my question of why so many artist chose to depict scenes from the Iliad in their pieces of art, what it does not fail to do is make the Greek heroes of the Trojan War permanent heroes in Greek Mythology.
Therefore, permanently engraving the heroics of the two men fighting for their country.