Biology and psychology relationship hopping

Jumping to conclusions: the psychology of delusional reasoning - Volume 17 Issue 5 - Philippa A framework linking biology, phenomenology, and pharmacology in schizophrenia. Relationship and response to treatment. My research, clinical work, teaching and consultation have focused on the psychological and biological effects of child abuse and sexual assault, and on. Hopping and the Stokes–Einstein relation breakdown in simple glass formers In particular, an important transport mechanism in this regime, hopping, has thus .

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Normal and abnormal reasoning in people with delusions. Hopping, skipping or jumping to conclusions? Clarifying the role of the JTC bias in delusions.

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Correspondences between theory of mind, jumping to conclusions, neuropsychological measures and the symptoms of schizophrenia. And the thalamus directs these senses into the appropriate areas in the cortex, as well as other areas of the brain.

biology and psychology relationship hopping

And I mentioned this in terms of an emotion lecture because emotions are very contingent on the things that you see, the things that you touch and hear. And you may have noticed there's one sense that I didn't mention. And that's a sense of smell. And the sense of smell actually is the only sense that you have that actually bypasses this thalamus. And instead, it has its own private relay station that, when it comes from the nose, it goes to a certain area in the brain.

And that area of the brain actually happens to be very close to other areas that regulate emotion, which explains why sometimes certain scents can evoke very powerful memories and bring you back to a certain moment in time.

biology and psychology relationship hopping

But in terms of emotion, I mentioned thalamus because of how the senses play an important role in your emotions. Now, you see here there's these two purple structures.

And this is known as an amygdala.

Emotions: limbic system

Now, the amygdala is sometimes called the aggression center. And experiments have actually shown that if you stimulate the amygdala, you can produce feelings of anger and violence, as well as fear and anxiety. I'm going to put "stimulate" and represent it as dark green plus sign. So you stimulate the amygdala. It evokes feelings of anger, violence, fear, and anxiety. On the other hand, if you've destroyed your amygdala-- and I'll represent destruction as a negative sign-- if you destroy the amygdala, it can cause a very mellowing effect.

Kluver and a neurosurgeon by the name of Dr. And I mention Kluver and Bucy because in medicine there's actually a syndrome known as Kluver-Bucy syndrome. And that's when there's a bilateral destruction of your amygdala. And "bilateral" means both. And if you have bilateral destruction of the amygdalas, that can result in certain symptoms that are often seen, like hyperorality, which means you put things in their mouth a lot; also hypersexuality; as well as disinhibited behavior.

And disinhibited behavior is when you ignore social conventions. You can act very impulsively. You don't consider the risks of your behavior. So you do dangerous, reckless things. So that's Kluver-Bucy syndrome.

Limbic system: structure and function | Emotion (video) | Khan Academy

And that's again when you destroy both sides of your amygdalas. And the way I remember this is I think if you stimulate the amygdalas, that can cause fear and anxiety. And people who have anxiety disorders or experiencing an anxiety attack sometimes are given a medication known as a benzodiazepine.

Sometimes they're called "benzos.

biology and psychology relationship hopping

And think of what happens when people consume too much alcohol. Sometimes you see these types of behaviors. You might be eating a lot.

You might have hypersexuality. And, of course, you get disinhibited behavior. Think of the person with a lamp shade on their head. They're ignoring certain social conventions because of the effect of alcohol.

So that's how I remember the effect of stimulating versus destroying the amygdala. And this green structure here that you curving around the thalamus is known as the hippocampus. And the hippocampus plays a key role in forming new memories. What it does is it helps to convert your short-term memory-- I'll abbreviate it as "STM"-- it helps convert that short-term memory into your long-term memory.

And I mention that in this conversation because when you think back on your memories, whether it's short-term memory or long-term memory, these memories can evoke emotions as well.

So the hippocampus is an important structure in forming long-term memories. And people with damage to this area, they have difficulty forming new memories.

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So everything that they experience just basically fades away. Now what's interesting about this is if your hippocampus is destroyed, while you can't form new memories, you still have your old memories intact.

So your long-term memory functions just fine. So that's the hippocampus. Now lastly, this orange structure here, this orange structure is the hypothalamus. And "hypo" means below. So hypothalamus is below the thalamus. And here's the thalamus.