Jumping to conclusions: the psychology of delusional reasoning - Volume 17 Issue 5 - Philippa A framework linking biology, phenomenology, and pharmacology in schizophrenia. Relationship and response to treatment. My research, clinical work, teaching and consultation have focused on the psychological and biological effects of child abuse and sexual assault, and on. Hopping and the Stokes–Einstein relation breakdown in simple glass formers In particular, an important transport mechanism in this regime, hopping, has thus .
The Oxford Handbook of Memory. Oxford University Press; New York: Cognitive approaches to schizophrenia: Psychological Corporation; San Antonio, Texas: An inventory for measuring clinical anxiety: The cognitive and affective structure of paranoid delusions: Delusion formation and reasoning biases in those at clinical risk for psychosis.
Theories of frontal lobe executive function: Effectiveness of Rehabilitation for Cognitive Deficits. Are psychotic psychopathology and neurocognition orthogonal? A systematic review of their associations.
Relationship Hoppers Have Behavioral Problems, Are Often Narcissists
Normal and abnormal reasoning in people with delusions. Hopping, skipping or jumping to conclusions? Clarifying the role of the JTC bias in delusions.
Frontal lobes and human memory: A cognitive model of persecutory delusions. The past and future of delusions research: Reasoning in deluded schizophrenic and paranoid patients: Reasoning, emotions and delusional conviction in psychosis.
Implications for neurobiological research of cognitive models of psychosis: What are the functional consequences of neurocognitive deficits in schizophrenia? Verbal working memory impairments in individuals with schizophrenia and their first-degree relatives: Psychosis as a state of aberrant salience: Reasoning anomalies associated with delusions in schizophrenia.
Dissociation of long-term verbal memory and fronto-executive impairment in first-episode psychosis. The effect of state anxiety on paranoid ideation and jumping to conclusions. A meta-analysis of cognitive remediation in schizophrenia. Paranoia, probabilistic reasoning, and need for closure. Jumping to conclusions and attributional style in patients with persecutory delusions. Jumping to conclusions in delusional and non delusional schizophrenic patients. Metacognitive training in schizophrenia: Under what circumstances do patients with schizophrenia jump to conclusions?
Detecting and defusing cognitive traps: Metacognitive intervention in schizophrenia. Further evidence for the efficacy of metacognitive group training in schizophrenia. Cognitive functioning in delusions: Cognitive behavioural therapy for schizophrenia: Impact of state anxiety on the jumping to conclusions delusion bias.
Jumping to conclusions, a lack of belief flexibility and delusional conviction in psychosis: A neuropsychiatric model of biological and psychological processes in the remission of delusions and auditory hallucinations. Social cognition and neurocognition as independent domains in psychosis. Symptoms as mediators of the relationship between neurocognition and functional outcome in schizophrenia: Targeting reasoning biases in delusions: Wechsler Test of Adult Reading.
Correspondences between theory of mind, jumping to conclusions, neuropsychological measures and the symptoms of schizophrenia. And the thalamus directs these senses into the appropriate areas in the cortex, as well as other areas of the brain.
And I mentioned this in terms of an emotion lecture because emotions are very contingent on the things that you see, the things that you touch and hear. And you may have noticed there's one sense that I didn't mention. And that's a sense of smell. And the sense of smell actually is the only sense that you have that actually bypasses this thalamus. And instead, it has its own private relay station that, when it comes from the nose, it goes to a certain area in the brain.
And that area of the brain actually happens to be very close to other areas that regulate emotion, which explains why sometimes certain scents can evoke very powerful memories and bring you back to a certain moment in time.
But in terms of emotion, I mentioned thalamus because of how the senses play an important role in your emotions. Now, you see here there's these two purple structures.
And this is known as an amygdala.
Emotions: limbic system
Now, the amygdala is sometimes called the aggression center. And experiments have actually shown that if you stimulate the amygdala, you can produce feelings of anger and violence, as well as fear and anxiety. I'm going to put "stimulate" and represent it as dark green plus sign. So you stimulate the amygdala. It evokes feelings of anger, violence, fear, and anxiety. On the other hand, if you've destroyed your amygdala-- and I'll represent destruction as a negative sign-- if you destroy the amygdala, it can cause a very mellowing effect.
Kluver and a neurosurgeon by the name of Dr. And I mention Kluver and Bucy because in medicine there's actually a syndrome known as Kluver-Bucy syndrome. And that's when there's a bilateral destruction of your amygdala. And "bilateral" means both. And if you have bilateral destruction of the amygdalas, that can result in certain symptoms that are often seen, like hyperorality, which means you put things in their mouth a lot; also hypersexuality; as well as disinhibited behavior.
And disinhibited behavior is when you ignore social conventions. You can act very impulsively. You don't consider the risks of your behavior. So you do dangerous, reckless things. So that's Kluver-Bucy syndrome.
Limbic system: structure and function | Emotion (video) | Khan Academy
And that's again when you destroy both sides of your amygdalas. And the way I remember this is I think if you stimulate the amygdalas, that can cause fear and anxiety. And people who have anxiety disorders or experiencing an anxiety attack sometimes are given a medication known as a benzodiazepine.
Sometimes they're called "benzos.
And think of what happens when people consume too much alcohol. Sometimes you see these types of behaviors. You might be eating a lot.
You might have hypersexuality. And, of course, you get disinhibited behavior. Think of the person with a lamp shade on their head. They're ignoring certain social conventions because of the effect of alcohol.
So that's how I remember the effect of stimulating versus destroying the amygdala. And this green structure here that you curving around the thalamus is known as the hippocampus. And the hippocampus plays a key role in forming new memories. What it does is it helps to convert your short-term memory-- I'll abbreviate it as "STM"-- it helps convert that short-term memory into your long-term memory.
And I mention that in this conversation because when you think back on your memories, whether it's short-term memory or long-term memory, these memories can evoke emotions as well.
So the hippocampus is an important structure in forming long-term memories. And people with damage to this area, they have difficulty forming new memories.
Relationship Hoppers Have Compulsive Behavior | Personal Space
So everything that they experience just basically fades away. Now what's interesting about this is if your hippocampus is destroyed, while you can't form new memories, you still have your old memories intact.
So your long-term memory functions just fine. So that's the hippocampus. Now lastly, this orange structure here, this orange structure is the hypothalamus. And "hypo" means below. So hypothalamus is below the thalamus. And here's the thalamus.