Mewar and Marwar - Difference and Relationship - My Udaipur City
Maharana Pratap was the ruler of Mewar, a province in modern day Rathore of Marwar, the Afghan leader Hakim Khan Sur and a small army. Section-C: 04 questions (question may have sub division) covering all units but not more Rajput Relations with Akbar and Jahangir, special reference to Maharana Pratap, Rao Aurangzeb and the Rajputs with special reference to Marwar. Many Rajput kings retained a status as rulers of princely states under the British. Some Rajasthani dialects include Jaipuri, spoken in Jaipur, and Marwari, spoken in Marwar. 8 • RELATIONSHIPS . As landowners, Rajputs do not face the social discrimination and problems of poverty that confront many others in India.
The Mughal army found a traitor in Pratap's brother, Shakti Singh, who told them about the secret pass. Pratap decided to kill Man Singh on his own and rode his war horse Chetak against Man Singh's elephant. Both Chetak and Pratap were injured by Man's elephant. Seeing this, the Mewari contingent lost hope. Chetak tried to escape via the Haldighati pass with a single long leap, for which it is famous, but was killed by Mughal archers.
Pratap was devastated to know about his horse's death. Realising his fault, Shakti Singh offered his own horse to Pratap, so that the latter could escape. After the battle, the Mughal forces, personally led by Akbar, continued to conquer the entire Mewar region including Chittor, Gogunda, Kumbhalgarh Pratap's temporary capital and Udaipur.
All Rajput dynasties, including that of Bundi, surrendered to Akbar, leaving Pratap completely alone. Pratap took advantage of the situation and gathered an army using the money given by Dan Shiromani Bhamashah, who later became one of Pratap's ministers. Pratap recovered most of his turf-- Kumbhalgarh and the areas around Chittor. He gathered an army of 40, soldiers and conquered Gogunda, Kumbhalgarh, Ranthambore and Udaipur from Mughal ally Jagannath Kachhawa.
First native freedom fighter: Pratap had rebuilt his capital in the city of Chavand, around 60 kilometres south of Udaipur and spent the rest of his life there. Because of his fight for freedom against the Mughals, Maharana Pratap is widely regarded as India's first native freedom fighter. Interested in General Knowledge and Current Affairs?
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At one end of the platform is a roofed porch.
Men usually sleep behind this porch. Smaller side rooms are used for storage. Women's quarters are enclosed by walls, with rooms facing an inner courtyard. A fireplace is built against one wall for cooking.
Stairs provide access to the roof. The interconnecting roofs of the houses let Rajput women visit each other without being seen by men. More than clans have been identified in all. Among the more important ones are the Chauhans, whose former capital was Ajmer; the Gehlots of Mewar; the Rathors of Marwar; and the Kachhwaha of Jaipur.
Rajputs marry outside their clan. They also try to marry their daughters into clans of higher rank than their own, while accepting daughters-in-law from clans of lower rank. The Rajput clans in Rajasthan have the highest standing, so families with sons in Rajasthan often are sought by those with daughters. Rajput marriages are arranged. Marriages are occasions for great ceremony and feasting.
Marwar - Wikipedia
The groom, accompanied by friends and relatives, rides in a barat procession to the bride's house. Mounted on a horse, he is dressed in colorful robes, with turban and sword. Sometimes, he rides a decorated elephant. Gifts and money are distributed to those who gather.
A piece of cloth is tied to the edge of the bride's sari and groom's coat. The couple walks around a sacred fire while Brahmans priests and scholars chant prayers.
This is known as agni puja fire-worship ceremony. Several days of celebration follow. Inwhen the fort of Chitor in Rajasthan was about to fall to Muslims, the Rajput Rani and all the women in the fort burned themselves to death to avoid being taken prisoners.
Women who practiced this act of sati were revered as saints and stone sati memorials exist in Rajasthan. Despite abundant folklore surrounding this tradition, it was never widely practiced. Rajput men may also wear a short jacket, or angarhkha, that fastens on the right side.
Rajput men wear turbans that are tied to represent their particular clan. Rajput women wear either the sari a length of fabric wrapped around the waist, with one end thrown over the right shoulder or loose, baggy pants with a tunic. The lengha long, flowing skirt is also associated with the traditional dress of Rajasthan. In drier parts of India, their staple diet consists of various unleavened breads rotipulses legumesand vegetables.
Rice chawal and milk products are also important. Rajputs are fond of hunting and enjoy eating venison and game birds such as goose, duck, partridge, and grouse. Boys were brought up in the traditions of Rajput culture, trained in martial arts and in a code of conduct based on valor and honor. The sons of Rajputs became huntsmen, polo players, horsemen, and swordsmen. An educational institution of particular note is Mayo College in Ajmer, Rajasthan.
The British founded the college in the early s as a school for the sons of princes. Though many Rajputs still attend the school, it has become an exclusive private school for upper class Indian children.
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- Mewar and Marwar – Difference and Relationship
- History of India:8th to 18th century
Rajputs are seen as champions of Hindu dharma faith. They have left a strong mark on India, particularly in Rajasthan.
Members of the Bhat caste keep family records and can trace a Rajput genealogy to a clan's mythical ancestors. Member of the Charan caste record deeds and accomplishments of Rajput rulers. Rajput courts were centers of culture where literature, music, dance, painting, and sculpture flourished with support of the Rajput elite.
A specific style of Rajput painting—often focusing on religious themes, portraiture, or miniatures—emerged at Rajput courts in the Himalayas the Pahari school and in the western desert the Rajasthani school. Bardic literature such as Prithviraj Raso recounts deeds of Rajput heroes. Mira Bai, a poet born in the fifteenth century, was a Rajput princess who is known for her contributions to Hindu bhakti devotional literature.
Rajputs built irrigation canals, dams, and reservoirs. The beautiful temples at Khajuraho were built in the tenth and eleventh centuries, and some Rajput groups built many well-known temples in Gujarat and western Rajasthan. Many palaces and forts represent a pleasing blend of Hindu and Muslim architectural styles.
Agriculture is the group's primary work today, but many Rajputs serve in the Rajput Rifles or other branches of the armed services. They also pursue careers as police officers. Also popular was pig-sticking, the dangerous sport of riding on horseback to hunt wild boar by sticking them with a lance. Polo sharpened riding skills. Weddings and other festive occasions are observed with much enthusiasm and are often celebrated with feasting, and sometimes with nautch dancing girls.
Mewar and Marwar- Differences you must know!
In one such ballad, Pabuji, a thirteenth-century chieftain, borrows a horse from a woman to ride to his wedding. Before he does so, he promises the woman he will protect her cows.
Soon after the wedding ceremony has begun, Pabuji learns that the thieves are making off with the cows. He leaves his wedding to keep his word and recovers all but one calf. He risks another battle for the calf and is killed by the enemy.