As a mother of social sciences Sociology has close and intimate relationship with all .. Of course Sociology studies society whereas anthropology studies man. of either anthropology or to other social sciences. I consider departure for assessing the relations between anthro- political sociology and social change. Social sciences concern people's relationships and interactions with one another . other social sciences, including anthropology, political science, psychology.
These social sciences can provide citizens with useful tools for analyzing the motives and activities of the individuals and groups they encounter. Personal identity is shaped by one's culture, by groups, and by institutional influences.
Institutions such as schools, churches, families, government agencies, and the courts all play an integral role in our lives. These and other institutions exert enormous influence over us, yet institutions are no more than organizational embodiments to further the core social values of those who comprise them.
Thus, it is important that students know how institutions are formed, what controls and influences them, how they control and influence individuals and culture, and how institutions can be maintained or changed. Cultures are dynamic and ever-changing. Human beings create, learn, and adapt culture. Culture helps us to understand ourselves as both individuals and members of various groups.
Human cultures exhibit both similarities and differences. We all, for example, have systems of beliefs, knowledge, values, and traditions. Each system also is unique.
What are Sociology and Anthropology?
In a democratic and multicultural society, students need to understand multiple perspectives that derive from different cultural vantage points. This understanding will allow them to relate to people in our nation and throughout the world. Elementary Grades Young learners develop their personal identities in the context of families, peers, schools, and communities. To know the impact of a particular past event sociology depends on history. Similarly Sociology also provides help to history and enriches it.
- Anthropology and Sociology
A historian greatly benefited from the research conducted by Sociologists. Historians now study caste, class and family by using sociological data. Sociology provides the background for the study of history.
Now history is being studied from Sociological angle. Every historical event has a social cause or social background. To understand that historical event history need the help from Sociology and Sociology helps history in this respect. Sociology provides facts on which historians rely on. Thus history and Sociology are mutually dependent on each other. History is now being studied from Sociological angle and Sociology also now studied from historical point of view.
Historical sociology now became a new branch of Sociology which depends on history. Similarly Sociological history is another specialized subject which based on both the Sciences.
But in spite of the above close relationship and inter-dependence both the sciences differ from each other from different angles which are described below. But history deals with the past events and studies the past society.
Sociology includes history within its scope. Sociology is mother of all social sciences. Hence it has close relationship with all social sciences and so also with Economics.
The relationship of sociology with economics is very close, intimate and personal. There exists close relationship between these two because economic relationships bear a close relation to social activities and relationships. Likewise social relationships are also affected by economic relationships.
Economic activities to a great extent are social activities. Hence both are mutually related. It is concerned with the association of human beings. But Economics deals with economic activities of man.
The Relationship of Sociology with Other Social Sciences
It is a science of wealth and choice. It also studies the structure and functions of different economic organizations like banks, markets etc. It is concerned with the material needs of man as well as his material welfare. However, there exists a great deal of inter-relationship between these two sciences.
Both are interdependent and inter-related with each other. Their inter-relationships are as follows: Economics takes the help of Sociology. For its own comprehension economics takes the help of sociology and depends on it. Economics is concerned with material welfare of man which is common welfare. Economic welfare is a part of social welfare.
For the solution of different economic problems such as inflation, poverty, unemployment etc. At the same time society controls the economic activities of man. Economics is greatly benefited by the research conducted by Sociologists like Max-weber, Pareto etc. Some economists also consider economic change as an aspect of social change.
Economic draws its generalization basing on the data provided by Sociology. Thus economics cannot go far or develop without the help of Sociology. Similarly Sociology also takes the help from economics. Economics greatly enriches sociological knowledge.
An economic factor greatly influences each and every aspects of social life. Knowledge and research in the field of economics greatly contributes to sociology. Each and every social problem has an economic cause. For the solution of social problems like dowry, suicide etc. Sociologists take the help from economics. Marx opines economic relations constitute the foundation of Society.
Economic factors play a very important role in every aspect of our social life that is why Sociologists concerned with economic institutions. For this reason Sociologists like Spencer, Weber, Durkheim and others have taken the help from economics in their analysis of social relationships.
Thus both sociology and economics are very closely related with each other. There are some problems which are being studied by both sociologists and economists. Economic changes results in social changes and vice versa. However, inspite of the above closeness, inter-relationship and inter-dependence both the sciences have certain differences which are described below: Hence it is closely related to other social sciences and so also with psychology.
Sociology and Psychology are very closely interlinked interrelated and interdependent.
Relationship between the two is so close and intimate that Psychologist like Karl Pearson refuses to accept both as special science. Both depend on each other for their own comprehension. Their relationship will be clear if we analyze their inter-relationship and mutual dependency.
Sociology is a science of social phenomena and social relationship. It is a science of social group and social institutions. It is a science of collective behavior. It studies human behavior in groups. But psychology is a science of mind or mental processes. It is a science of human behavior. It analyses attitudes, emotions, perception, process of learning and values of individuals and process of personality formation in society. Sociology receives help from Psychology.
Anthropology, Psychology, and Sociology
There are many psychologists like Freud, MacDougal and others who have enrich Sociology in many respects. They opines that the whole social life could be reduced finally to psychological forces. Each and every social problems and social phenomenon must have a psychological basis for the solution of which sociology requires the help from psychology. A new branch of knowledge has developed with the combination of sociology and psychology which is known as social psychology.
Similarly, psychology depends on Sociology to comprehend itself fully. Psychology also requires help from sociology in many cases.
As human mind and personality is being influenced by social environment, culture, customs and traditions hence psychology take the help from Sociology to understand this. To understand human nature and behaviour properly psychology depends on sociology. There are many Psychological problems which must have a Social Cause. Psychology requires the help from Sociology to understand these social problems. A research in Sociology richly contributes to psychology. Contributions and theories of many Sociologists also are of great help to Psychologists.
Thus Sociology and Psychology are mutually dependent on each other.
Anthropology and Sociology
Besides there are some common area of study such as social disorganization, public opinion etc. Social Psychology a branch of Psychology is developed with the combination of the two.
In the words of Kretch and Crutchfield Social Psychology is the science of behaviour of the individuals in society. However, inspite of the mutual relationship and dependence both the sciences differ from each other in the following ways. Sociology is the mother of all social sciences. Hence it has close and intimate relationship with Anthropology. The relationship is so close that Anthropologists like A. Kroeber consider Sociology and Anthropology as twin sisters.
They often appear as two names for the same subject. Reddfield recognizes the closeness between these two social sciences. It studies behavior of man in groups. Hence Sociology is concerned with the association of human beings. It is a science that deals with social groups. Accordingly anthropology means study of man. As a science of man it deals with man, his works and behavior.
Anthropology studies the biological and cultural development of man. Anthropology has a wide field of study which can be broadly divided into three main divisions such as physical anthropology. Archeology cultural anthropology and social anthropology.