The True Story of "Outlaw King" | History | Smithsonian
Robert I (11 July – 7 June ), popularly known as Robert the Bruce was King of Scots .. Guardian. William Wallace resigned as Guardian of Scotland after his defeat at the Battle of Falkirk. Other versions have Bruce in a small house watching the spider try to make its connection between two roof beams. Just look at how Braveheart portrays Robert the Bruce, King of Scotland. In real life, Robert the Bruce and William Wallace were allies, openly fighting together. Robert the Bruce: King of Scotland (–29), who freed Scotland from of the rebel William Wallace, but later apparently regained Edward I's confidence.
William had a brother named Malcolm though, in addition to his brother John. Uncle Argyle was a fictional character, although an uncle or two may have indeed help educate William as a boy.
In the film, William Wallace returns to Scotland abouta man, after years of being away, visiting Rome with his uncle etc In reality, Pure fiction, Wallace in all accounts grew up in Scotland and likely never left his native land at any point as a child or youth. In fact he likely never left Scotland until his invasion of Northern England in In the Film, Edward I grants prima-nocte in Scotland, in which when any common girl inhabiting Scotland would be married, English lords would have sexual rights to her on the first night of her wedding In reality, Pure Fiction, it never happened.
In reality, Robert the Bruce was in fact the 7th Robert Bruce and his father was not dying of Leprosy.
In the Film, William Wallace has no intention of fighting the English or freeing his country until his wife Murron is killed Wallace had refused to sign the Ragman Roll from the very beginning, even before his supposed wife had been killed, he was opposed to English rule.
In the film, Wallace falls in love with Murron, and secretly weds her. After which she is killed and William gets revenge on the Sheriff and English who cut her throat by cutting his Of course there is no solid evidence that Wallace was ever married to a Marion Braidfute or any woman for that matter, but it is a possibility.
After advancing on the town, Wallace is said to have cut the Sheriff to pieces with his sword, not cut his throat, and he and his band proceeded to burn two houses with the English guards inside. In reality, Amish and Campbell are fictional characters. Legend says that Wallace did have a close friend called Stephen of Ireland. Of course there is no solid evidence that either Stephen of Ireland or Kerly really existed. In the film, Wallace joins with the highlanders led by Nobles Craig, Lochlan and Mornay before the battle of Stirling In reality, William Wallace and his men joined forces with the rebels under Andrew de Moray at Dundee in before the battle of Stirling.
Craig, Lachlan and Mornay were fictional characters; they never existed, although several Nobles did assist Wallace and Moray at the battle. Bruce was defeated at the Battle of Methven, and he went into hiding.
His Scottish estates were also portioned off to loyal followers of Edward I. Some people might recognize that person as none other than Batman.
Why nobody has played him with a Scottish accent, however, is beyond us. Of course, after once again conquering Scotland, defeating its king, and capturing his family, Edward I celebrated his victory by dying.
Robert the Bruce
It was the best thing that could have happened to Bruce. Bastard-Born Bruce Bruce is said to have fathered several illegitimate children. One of them, Sir Robert Bruce does it still count as Jr.? Sir Robert is known to have died at the Battle of Dupplin Moor, a battle which has gone down in history as a disastrous defeat for the independent Scottish kingdom.
Battle of Bannockburn The Winter of Our Discontent Is Over Following the winter after his near-defeat inBruce began waging a guerrilla war against the English, much like William Wallace had done a couple decades before.
Anyone who declared themselves loyal to the Comyn clan were killed, even as their livestock were taken or slaughtered and their homes were destroyed. In this maelstrom of fire and blood, Bruce broke the Comyn clan for good, which had previously ruled Buchan for over a century. After Bruce was done, support for the Comyns had completely disappeared, and they never threatened his rule again.
Naturally, this put immense pressure on King Edward II to defeat the Scots, and he marched out with more than 14, men—although some say there was as many as 24, men. The Right Place at the Right Time Rare among medieval battles, the Battle of Bannockburn lasted two days, with the Scottish and English factions circling each other, waiting for the right opportunity to strike.
This hesitation to fight changed on the end of the first day. With this kind of intel, Bruce was inspired to finally take the battle to his enemies. Epic Foreshadowing On the second day, the Scots made a startling advance from the cover of the forest near the Bannockburn. If the English king was surprised by their sudden appearance, then he was even more astonished when the Scots, en masse, reportedly knelt and began to pray.
History vs Braveheart
These men will conquer or die. Nice to have it in writing! The Church Times The first ceremony was held on March 25, She protested that her family had the right to crown the King of Scotland, so the ceremony took place a second time to satisfy the MacDuff clan.
Since then, the song is used as the unofficial Scottish national anthem at international sporting events! See How You Like It! The great Scottish victory at Bannockburn ended English threats to Scotland, which allowed the Bruce to send raiding parties into northern England, specifically Yorkshire and Lancashire.
Civilization V Customisation Wikia This would have afforded Robert and his brothers access to basic education in the lawpoliticsscripturesaints' Lives vitaephilosophyhistory and chivalric instruction and romance. Barbour reported that Robert read aloud to his band of supporters inreciting from memory tales from a twelfth-century romance of CharlemagneFierabrasas well as relating examples from history such as Hannibal 's defiance of Rome.
Contemporary chroniclers Jean Le Bel and Thomas Grey would both assert that they had read a history of his reign 'commissioned by King Robert himself. However, as growing noble youths, outdoor pursuits and great events would also have held a strong fascination for Robert and his brothers.
Robert the Bruce: myths busted
They would have had masters drawn from their parents' household to school them in the arts of horsemanship, swordsmanship, the joust, hunting and perhaps aspects of courtly behaviour, including dress, protocol, speech, table etiquette, music and dance, some of which may have been learned before the age of ten while serving as pages in their father's or grandfather's household.
This grandfather, known to contemporaries as Robert the Nobleand to history as "Bruce the Competitor", seems to have been an immense influence on the future king. A significant and profound part of the childhood experience of Robert, Edward and possibly the other Bruce brothers Neil, Thomas and Alexanderwas also gained through the Gaelic tradition of being fostered to allied Gaelic kindreds—a traditional practice in Carrick, south-west and western Scotland, the Hebrides and Ireland.
This raises the possibility that young Robert the Bruce was on occasion resident in a royal centre which Edward I himself would visit frequently during his reign.
His name appears in the company of the Bishop of Argyllthe vicar of Arrana Kintyre clerk, his father, and a host of Gaelic notaries from Carrick. It is also around this time that Robert would have been knighted, and he began to appear on the political stage in the Bruce dynastic interest. In November of the same year, Edward I of Englandon behalf of the Guardians of Scotland and following the Great Causeawarded the vacant Crown of Scotland to his grandfather's first cousin once removed, John Balliol.
In turn, that son, Robert de Brus, 6th Lord of Annandaleresigned his earldom of Carrick to his eldest son, Robert, the future king, so as to protect the Bruce's kingship claim while their middle lord Robert the Bruce's father now held only English lands. Even after John's accession, Edward still continued to assert his authority over Scotland and relations between the two kings soon began to deteriorate. Robert the Bruce and his father both considered John a usurper. The Bruces and the earls of Angus and March refused, and the Bruce family withdrew temporarily from Scotland, while the Comyns seized their estates in Annandale and Carrick, granting them to John Comyn, Earl of Buchan.
Beginning of the Wars of Independence[ edit ] This section needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. March Learn how and when to remove this template message Almost the first blow in the war between Scotland and England was a direct attack on the Bruces. On 26 MarchEaster Monday, seven Scottish earls made a surprise attack on the walled city of Carlislewhich was not so much an attack against England as the Comyn Earl of Buchan and their faction attacking their Bruce enemies.
Robert Bruce would have gained first-hand knowledge of the city's defences. The next time Carlisle was besieged, inRobert the Bruce would be leading the attack.
The campaign had been very successful, but the English triumph would only be temporary. It appears that Robert Bruce had fallen under the influence of his grandfather's friends, Wishart and Stewart, who had inspired him to resistance.
No man holds his own flesh and blood in hatred and I am no exception. I must join my own people and the nation in which I was born. I ask that you please come with me and you will be my councillors and close comrades"   Urgent letters were sent ordering Bruce to support Edward's commander, John de Warenne, 6th Earl of Surrey to whom Bruce was relatedin the summer of ; but instead of complying, Bruce continued to support the revolt against Edward I.
That Bruce was in the forefront of fomenting rebellion is shown in a letter written to Edward by Hugh Cressingham on 23 Julywhich reports the opinion that "if you had the earl of Carrick, the Steward of Scotland and his brother The Scottish lords were not to serve beyond the sea against their will and were pardoned for their recent violence in return for swearing allegiance to King Edward.
The Bishop of Glasgow, James the Steward, and Sir Alexander Lindsay became sureties for Bruce until he delivered his infant daughter Marjorie as a hostage, which he never did. This participation is contested as no Bruce appears on the Falkirk roll of nobles present in the English army, and two 19th Century antiquarians, Alexander Murison and George Chalmers, have stated Bruce did not participate and in the following month decided to lay waste Annandale and burn Ayr Castle, to prevent it being garrisoned by the English.
- History vs Braveheart
- Post navigation
- 43 Heroic Facts About Robert the Bruce
He was succeeded by Robert Bruce and John Comyn as joint Guardians, but they could not see past their personal differences. As a nephew and supporter of King John, and as someone with a serious claim to the Scottish throne, Comyn was Bruce's enemy.
InWilliam LambertonBishop of St. Andrewswas appointed as a third, neutral Guardian to try to maintain order between Bruce and Comyn. Soules was appointed largely because he was part of neither the Bruce nor the Comyn camps and was a patriot.
He was an active Guardian and made renewed efforts to have King John returned to the Scottish throne. Though he captured the castles of Bothwell and Turnberryhe did little to damage the Scots' fighting ability, and in January he agreed to a nine-month truce. It was around this time that Robert the Bruce submitted to Edward, along with other nobles, even though he had been on the side of the Scots until then. There were rumours that John Balliol would return to regain the Scottish throne.
Soules, who had probably been appointed by John, supported his return, as did most other nobles. But it was no more than a rumour and nothing came of it.
In MarchBruce sent a letter to the monks at Melrose Abbey apologising for having called tenants of the monks to service in his army when there had been no national call-up. Bruce pledged that, henceforth, he would "never again" require the monks to serve unless it was to "the common army of the whole realm", for national defence. Bruce also married his second wife that year, Elizabeth de Burghthe daughter of Richard de Burgh, 2nd Earl of Ulster.