Los elementos identificados contribuyen al desarrollo de modelos integrales . of most interest (groups G16, G17, G19 and G21); these included articles. compound forms in which both the prefix and the noun are capitalized, es- pecially if it ity is available, you might consult the online catalog of a major university sented at the annual meeting of the New England Region of the SBL, Worces- G Louvain. Greek papyri. G20a. Louvain. Greek papyri. G20b. Louvain. Hadil Subih, Hosam Al-Tamimi, Hiba Hamdan, Hiba Bawadi & .. not be met) was used to analyse the .. S, Thielecke F, Ong MK & Tee ES (). G g ±. f ±. d ±. l ±.
Identifying patients without favourable long-term outcome among those with medically stabilized unstable angina and a negative dipyridamole stress echocardiogram. Differences in regional systolic and diastolic function by Doppler tissue imaging in patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy and hypertrophy caused by hypertension. Journal of the American Society of Echocardiography ; 17 7: Routinely used imaging techniques for detection of viable myocardium: European Society of Cardiology E-Journal.
Real-time three-dimensional echocardiography for rheumatic mitral valve stenosis evaluation — An accurate and novel approach. Journal of the American College of Cardiology ; 43 Impact of echocardiography in the short- and long-term prognosis of patients with infective endocarditis and negative blood cultures. Journal of Heart Valve Disease ; 13 6: Non-invasive assessment of mitral valve area during percutaneous balloon mitral vaivuloplasty: European Heart Journal ; 25 Improved semiautomated quantification of left ventricular volumes and ejection fraction using 3-dimensional echocardiography with a full matrix-array transducer: Comparison with magnetic resonance imaging.Taylor Swift - Look What You Made Me Do
Journal of the American Society of Echocardiography ; 18 8: Prevalence of echocardiographically detected ventricular asynchrony in patients with left ventricular systolic dysfunction. Long-term prognostic importance of transient left ventricular dilation during pharmacologic stress echocardiography. Journal of the American Society of Echocardiography ; 18 1: Morphological determinants of subaortic stenosis in hypertrophic cardiomyopathy: Insights from real-time 3-dimensional echocardiography.
Prognostic significance of ischemic mitral regurgitation after non-Q-wave acute myocardial infarction. Journal of Heart Valve Disease ; 14 6: Comparison of left ventricular volumes and ejection fractions measured by three-dimensional echocardiography versus by two-dimensional echocardiography and cardiac magnetic resonance in patients with various cardiomyopathies.
American Journal of Cardiology ; 95 6: Left ventricular geometric patterns after 1 year of antihypertensive treatment. Journal of clinical hypertension Greenwich, Conn. Distinguishing between ischemic and non-ischemic dilated cardiomyopathy based on non-invasive ultrasonic evaluation of peripheral arteries.
European Journal of Internal Medicine. Myocardial contrast echocardiography in coronary artery disease. Real time 3d echocardiography in the assessment of mitral valve disease.
European Society of Cardiology E-journal. Usefulness of real-time 3-dimensional echocardiography in the assessment of infective endocarditis — Initial experience. Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine ; 24 2: Identification of stunned myocardium with parametric imaging-based, quantitative myocardial contrast.
Echocardiography after acute myocardial infarction. American Journal of Cardiology ; 96 2: Usefulness of parametric imaging-based quantitative myocardial contrast echocardiography in predicting the functional recovery of akinetic segments following primary angioplasty in acute myocardial infarction patients.
Mid-term prognosis in patients with good in-hospital outcome. Journal of Heart Valve Disease ; 14 3: Prognostic influence of mitral regurgitation prior to a first myocardial infarction. European Heart Journal ; 26 4: Assessment of cardiovascular risk in population groups. Comparison of score system and framingham in hypertensive patients.
Cardiovascular risk in diabetes mellitus and hypertension in spain. Journal of the American College of Cardiology. Clinical and hemodynamic implications of supra-annular implant of biological aortic valves.
Publicaciones - doctor José Luis Zamorano
Journal of Cardiovascular Medicine. Coronary disease risk and prevalence of heart disease in primary care patients with hypertension and renal disease. Revista Espanola De Cardiologia. Usefulness of clinical, electrocardiographic, and echocardiographic parameters to detect cardiac asynchrony in patients with left ventricular dysfunction secondary to ischemic or nonischemic heart disease.
Journal of the American Society of Echocardiography. Prognostic significance of functional mitral regurgitation after a first non-st-segment elevation acute coronary syndrome. Guidelines on the management of stable angina pectoris: Albuminuria and cardiovascular risk: Basal results of the koral-cardio study. Rapid online quantification of left ventricular volume from real-time three-dimensional echocardiographic data.
Disagreement between tissue doppler imaging and conventional pulsed wave doppler in the measurement of myocardial performance index. The combination of anticoagulant and anti-platelet therapy in patients with atrial fibrillation: Clinical applications of tissue doppler. Revista Portuguesa de Cardiologia. Prognosis of coronary flow reserve: A new therapeutic target?
A new gold standard for rheumatic mitral stenosis assessment. Developed in collaboration with the european heart rhythm association and the heart rhythm society. A single-pill combination of amlodipine besylate and atorvastatin calcium update. The use of three-dimensional echocardiography for the evaluation of and treatment of mitral stenosis. Which method should be the reference method to evaluate the severity of rheumatic mitral stenosis? Negative blood culture infective endocarditis in the elderly: Trends and contexts in european cardiology practice for the next 15 years.
A report from the european conference on the future of cardiology, madrid, june Trends and contexts in european cardiology practice for the next 15 years — the madrid declaration: Cardiac magnetic resonante blood pool contrast.
European guidelines on cardiovascular disease prevention in clinical practice: Cardiac manifestations of anderson-fabry disease results from the international fabry outcome survey. The task force for the management of arterial hypertension of the european society of hypertension esh and of the european society of cardiology esc. Rosuvastatin affecting aortic valve endothelium to slow the progression of aortic stenosis.
Statins and aortic stenosis in the context of ratio of low- to high-density lipoprotein cholesterol — reply. Functional mitral regurgitation after a first non-st-segment elevation acute coronary syndrome: Contribution to congestive heart failure. Guidelines on diabetes, pre-diabetes, and cardiovascular diseases: Executive summary — the task force on diabetes and cardiovascular diseases of the european society of cardiology esc and of the european association for the study of diabetes easd.
European Heart Journal Supplements. Universal definition of myocardial infarction. Guidelines on the management of valvular heart disease — the task force on the management of valvular heart disease of the european society of cardiology.
Esc guidelines for cardiac pacing and cardiac resynchronization therapy. The role of echocardiography in the assessment of mechanical dyssynchrony and its importance in predicting response to prognosis after cardiac resynchronization therapy.
Real time 3d echo: A new diagnostic tool for mitral valve disease. Eur cardiovascular disease Role of echocardiography in the assessment of mechanical dyssynchrony. What to do with an atrial thrombus? Ebstein anomaly and hypertrophic cardiomyopathy. Relationship between intraventricular cardiac asynchrony and degree of systolic dysfunction.
Transapical aortic prosthesis misplacement. Current Cardiovascular Imaging Reports. Quantification of aortic valve area using three-dimensional echocardiography. Prognostic factors and predictors of in-hospital mortality of patients with heart failure with preserved left ventricular ejection fraction.
Esc guidelines for the diagnosis and treatment of acute and chronic heart failure The task force for the diagnosis and treatment of acute and chronic heart failure of the european society of cardiology. Developed in collaboration with the heart failure association of the esc hfa and endorsed by the european society of intensive care medicine esicm. European journal of heart failure.
European association of echocardiography recommendations for standardization of performance, digital storage and reporting of echocardiographic studies. Hot topics in aortic stenosis — proceedings of a satellite symposium organized by the scientific committee of the simvastatin and ezetimibe in aortic stenosis seas study in conjunction with the european association of echocardiography of the european society of cardiology, which was held during the meeting of the european association of echocardiography, euroecho, lisbon, 6 december Left atrial myxoma prolapsing through the foramen ovale.
European guidelines regarding the prevention of cardiovascular disease in clinical practice — a shorter version. Accuracy of real-time 3-dimensional echocardiography in the assessment of mitral prolapse. Is transesophageal echocardiography still mandatory? Real-time three-dimensional echocardiography in aortic stenosis: A novel, simple, and reliable method to improve accuracy in area calculation. Imaging highlights from the european association of echocardiography and the society of cardiovascular magnetic resonance.
The physician is necessary in triage at tertiary hospital emergency department. Clinical implications in patients with valvular heart disease. Expert Review of Cardiovascular Therapy. Clinical and prognostic comparison between left ventricular transient dyskinesia and a first non-st-segment elevation acute coronary syndrome.
Mitral annular calcifications and aortic valve stenosis. Heart failure at the crossroads. Stress echocardiography expert consensus statement. Stress echocardiography expert consensus statement — european association of echocardiography eae a registered branch of the esc. Guidelines on the diagnosis and management of acute pulmonary embolism — the task force for the diagnosis and management of acute pulmonary embolism of the european society of cardiology esc.
Management of acute myocardial infarction in patients presenting with persistent st-segment elevation. Using echocardiography to guide interventional procedures. Assessment of left ventricular function in research and clinical practice. Amlodipine reduces predicted risk of coronary heart disease in high-risk patients with hypertension in spain the coronaria study.
Journal of International Medical Research. Echocardiography and cardiac resynchronization therapy. A therapeutic goal throughout the cardiovascular continuum. European perspectives in CArdiology.
Three-dimensional echocardiographic assessment of left atrial size and function and the normal range of asynchrony in healthy individuals. Evaluation of the tricuspid valve morphology and function by transthoracic real-time three-dimensional echocardiography. Usefulness of 3d transoesophageal echocardiography for guiding wires and closure devices in mitral perivalvular leaks. Short-term and mid-term follow-up of sutureless surgery for postinfarction subacute free wall rupture.
Interactive Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery. Occlusion of the left main coronary artery and collateral circulation via the conus branch. Calcified right ventricular thrombus and antiphospholipid syndrome. A new and faster tool for myocardial strain assessment: Comparison with two-dimensional-wall motion tracking. Diastolic heart failure in the elderly: In-hospital and long-term outcome after the first episode.
International Journal of Cardiology. A pilot study to assess preoperative left ventricular contractile function using speckle-tracking echocardiography. Medium-term echocardiographic follow-up of systolic and diastolic left ventricular abnormalities after surgical treatment of subacute rupture.
Application of hypertension guidelines in clinical practice: Diastolic dysfunction in diabetic patients assessed with doppler echocardiography: Relationship with coronary atherosclerotic burden and microcirculatory impairment. Quantification in different cardiac diseases and impact on left ventricular morphological and functional parameters assessed with cardiac magnetic resonance.
Guidelines for the diagnosis and treatment of pulmonary hypertension. The European respiratory journal. Guidelines for the diagnosis and treatment of pulmonary hypertension: The task force for the diagnosis and treatment of pulmonary hypertension of the european society of cardiology esc and the european respiratory society ersendorsed by the international society of heart and lung transplantation ishlt. Guidelines on the identification and treatment of pulmonary hypertension.
Ischemic mitral regurgitation and non-st-segment elevation acute myocardial infarction: Left atrium wall diverticulum: An additional anatomical consideration in atrial fibrillation catheter ablation.
Guidelines on the prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of infective endocarditis new version Multidetector computed tomography in previous coronary artery bypass grafting: Implications for secondary revascularisation. Minimizing cardiotoxicity while optimizing treatment efficacy with trastuzumab: Review and expert recommendations.
Speckle-tracking-derived strain and strain-rate analysis: A technique for the evaluation of early alterations in right ventricle systolic function in patients with systemic sclerosis and normal pulmonary artery pressure. Guidelines for the diagnosis and management of syncope version Guidelines on diagnosis and conduct of syncope version Knowledge and implementation of the new european guide in the management of arterial hypertension.
European association of echocardiography recommendations for training, competence, and quality improvement in echocardiography. Medical therapy for rheumatic heart disease: Is it time to be proactive rather than reactive?
Transapical aortic valve implantation. Evidence-based recommendations by european association of echocardiography. Detection of coronary artery disease with perfusion stress echocardiography using a novel ultrasound imaging agent: Two phase 3 international trials in comparison with radionuclide perfusion imaging. Stress echocardiography expert consensus statement — executive summary. Clinical usefulness of tissue doppler imaging in predicting preclinical fabry cardiomyopathy.
Three-dimensional echocardiography for assessment of mitral valve stenosis.
Current Opinion in Cardiology. Carotid intima-media thickness and its current usefulness. The freedom solo valve for aortic valve replacement: Clinical and hemodynamic results from a prospective multicenter trial. Journal of Heart Valve Disease. Guidelines for the management of atrial fibrillation: The task force for the management of atrial fibrillation of the european society of cardiology esc. European pacing, arrhythmias, and cardiac electrophysiology: Aortic root pseudoaneurysm 1 year after transapical aortic valve implantation.
Recent experience and safety in our centre. World Journal of Cardiology. Assessment of myocardial deformation: Predicting medium-term left ventricular dysfunction after surgery in patients with chronic mitral regurgitation. Collateral circulation from the conus coronary artery to the anterior descending coronary artery: Assessment using multislice coronary computed tomography.
Percutaneous intervention in a single coronary artery: Evaluation of multislice tomography and its feasibility. Hand and brain coordination: New challenges for interventional cardiology and echocardiography. Revista Portuguesa De Cardiologia. Echocardiography in aortic diseases: Eae recommendations for clinical practice.
Recommendations for reporting perioperative transoesophageal echo studies. Left ventricular trabeculation assessment with cardiac magnetic resonance. Recommendations for transoesophageal echocardiography: Guidance during valve implantation. Valve anatomy and function with transthoracic three-dimensional echocardiography: Therapeutic advances in cardiovascular disease.
Rocking aortic valve prosthesis a 3-dimensional transesophageal echocardiography view. Recommendations for the practice of echocardiography in infective endocarditis. Guidelines for the prevention, diagnosis and treatment of infective endocarditis speech version Apoiado pela european society of clinical microbiology and infectious diseases escmid e pela international society of chemotherapy isc for infection and cancer.
Effect of the long-term administration of nebivolol on clinical symptoms, exercise capacity and left ventricular function in patients with heart failure and preserved left ventricular ejection fraction: Background, aims and design of the elandd study.
Clinical Research in Cardiology. Engineering resilience is characterized by analysing return periods and efficiency by focusing on the recovery capacity of a system in the context of a stable equilibrium. Resilience is characterized as the capacity to absorb changes, resist disturbances and maintain functions while focusing on the persistence and robustness of a system in the context of global stability.
Because these different interpretations of resilience were causing confusion, and by arguing that the resilience of a system must be considered in terms of the attributes that control the dynamics of a system. Socio-ecological resilience is characterized by analysing the interactions between disturbances, reorganization, sustainability and development in a system and focusing on the capacity to adapt, transform, learn and innovate in a context of unstable equilibrium.
This concept modified existing views that considered systems to be stable by introducing a new perspective that considered the capacity of systems to adapt and change, thus increasing the probability of sustainable development in changing environments where the future is unpredictable.
This broad category integrates resilience with socio-ecologic systems SESwhich integrate social and ecological systems, by focusing not only on the components of both systems but also on their interactions [ 7 ]. The SES concept incorporates ideas from fields related to adaptation, robustness and vulnerability by concerning itself with the dynamics and attributes involved in each of these terms, thus becoming broader in scope than any of these individual fields [ 89 ].
Within the domain of a social system lie subsystems such as culture, politics, the economy, and social organization society itself ; an ecological system domain hosts subsystems such as nature a setting not created by man and the environment a setting created by man [ 10 ]. This places this field under exploratory research and rapid development, with political implications for sustainable development. Table 1 synthesizes the major characteristics, perspectives and context of the three concepts of resilience we have identified.
Table 1 Characteristics, perspectives and context of different resilience concepts. Resilience for sustainable management of UDS Different methodologies have been formulated to quantify the concept of resilience; Hosseini et al. The qualitative methodologies include conceptual frameworks they provide a notion of resilience but do not provide a quantitative value and semi-quantitative indices they involve the opinion of experts in their estimationand the quantitative methodologies include general resilience metrics they evaluate resilience in the performance of a system and structural-based models they evaluate resilience by components.
Based on this classification, Table 2 shows several studies that use the different methodologies to evaluate resilience. Table 2 Classification of different methodologies used to evaluate resilience. Although different methodologies have been proposed to evaluate resilience, there are few studies that have focused on developing the appropriate methodologies to evaluate resilience in UDS [ 3536 ], which makes the study of resilience in this field a novel topic of research for developing quantifiable indicators of resilience that can evaluate all the aspects involved in this concept [ 16 ].
To analyse resilience in UDS, conceptual frameworks [ 17 ], general resilience metrics [ 3233 ] and structural-based models [ 34 ] have been proposed, the majority of which evaluate flood risk in UDS; only one addresses the problem of dragging pollutants [ 32 ]. Based on the conceptual perspective of resilience, these frameworks are primarily framed within the concept of engineering resilience.
This provides an opportunity to develop new approaches that can evaluate resilience as it applies to UDS and ideally involve an SES from the point of view of socio-ecological resilience; this topic has not been previously addressed, even though there is a wide field of research to be developed.
As a result, this article presents an analysis and related impressions of applying the concept of resilience to the sustainable management of UDS by identifying the various factors, variables and indicators. This methodology consists of four phases: Definition of the problem; ii.
Search for information; iii. Organization of the information; and iv. Analysis of the information. To define the problem, we began with the key concepts of sustainability, resilience and SES and their relationship with the sustainable management of UDS. The period of observation extended from when the concept of resilience initially appeared in engineering until February of The following search equations were used: The data mining program RefViz [ 38 ] was used to organize the information and select the most relevant articles; the program uses mathematical algorithms to group articles by topic based on the keywords.
The results were used to create a concept map denominated as a galaxy in which each topic was grouped based on the frequency of the keywords. The organized information yielded articles of interest forming 24 topic groups. Once the information was organized, we selected documents and authors for review. After reading the abstracts and conclusions of those articles, an analysis was performed of the articles with the most important ideas and the most relevant aspects for the topic of this study.
Once this was completed, were selected four of the 24 groups formed in the information search stage that were of most interest groups G16, G17, G19 and G21 ; these included articles. To make this articles selection, it was taken into account that resilience was a main keyword of the document. The filtered documents were studied in more detail i.
A total of 19 articles were used to carry out the analysis and comparison of the application of the resilience concept and to identify the common and relevant elements of resilience and the factors, variables and indicators for the sustainable management of UDS. Figure 1 Interest groups in the consulted topics. Period - February Created by author 3. Results and discussion 3. Resilience factors in water resource management It was determined that resilience was impacted by four factors: Flexibility capacity to change ; ii.
Resourcefulness capacity to mobilize resources ; iii. Redundancy presence of options ; and iv. Robustness capacity to resist [ 153940 ]. Table 3 summarizes the description of each of these factors and their adaptation strategies, whereas Table 4 shows how they have been considered in different areas of water resource management. Table 3 Characteristics of factors considered to evaluate resilience in the management of water resources.
Table 4 Factors considered for the evaluation of resilience in different areas of water resource management. Flexibility is the most studied factor because this factor is directly associated with the concept of resilience, which has been changing with the incorporation of additional factors. This factor evaluates the capacity to recover and is associated with the time of failure, reliability and recovery speed of a system from the perspective of risk management.
Flexibility has been quantified through semi-quantitative indices that measure the capacity to provide a service [ 20 ], mathematical functions that quantify the probability of system failure [ 23 - 272932 ], system reliability [ 3031 ] and indicators based on performance curves of a system that provide information on its behaviour before and after a disturbance [ 1718283334 ].
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Resourcefulness evaluates the availability of economic and social resources and is associated with the capacity to mobilize these resources in adverse conditions.
This factor has been quantified through economic variables based on the estimation of damage caused to people and infrastructure [ 171834 ], as well as social variables based on economic development, demographic trends, political stability, government policies, market incentives, media organization [ 14 ], resource diversity, community and institutional learning, system self-organization [ 19 ], governance [ 20 ], communication, risk perception, interaction between institutions and risk management policies and tools [ 22 ].
Redundancy evaluates the multiplicity of elements that allow the vital functions of a system to continue and is associated with the availability of redundant elements that carry out these functions. This factor has been quantified through metrics such as grouping and meshing coefficients [ 31 ], along with an index that combines the magnitude and duration of system failures where redundancy is evaluated by comparing how an existing system functions with and without redundant elements until failure occurs [ 33 ].
Of the four identified factors, this is the least considered because of its recent incorporation, which is primarily related to the evaluation of resilience in urban water systems [ 1641 ]. Robustness evaluates the resistance of a system when faced with extreme or unexpected events and is associated with systems that function well, even under uncertain conditions. This factor has been quantified by analysing the resistance capacity of a system by estimating an overload [ 17 ] through a variable that addresses change and uncertainty [ 19 ].
This is based on a graph that describes the level at which one can establish how a system responds to different levels of disturbance [ 21 ] and through metrics such as the central dominance point, the density of articulation points, the density of joints, the spectral void and algebraic connectivity [ 31 ]. Variables and indicators of resilience for sustainable management of UDS Based on the analysis of these factors, a group of variables and indicators was identified to evaluate the resilience of UDS; these are summarized in Table 5.
Table 5 Variables and indicators used to evaluate the resilience of UDS. Flexibility is associated with the variable of recovery capacity, which evaluates the possibility of a drainage system to return to a normal or stable state after a disturbance; this variable includes several indicators and is the variable most studied by researchers.
The indicators proposed for this variable are the failure index, which quantifies the probability of system failure [ 23 - 2729 ]; the gradualness, which measures the change in the response of a system with respect to the change of magnitude in a flood surge [ 1718 ]; the recovery duration, which quantifies the time it takes for a system to recover from an unsatisfactory condition [ 17 ]; the recovery rate, which measures the recovery rate of the system after a flood [ 18 ]; the recovery loss, which quantifies the loss of quality in a system [ 28 ]; the environmental load capacity, which quantifies the amount of pollutant emissions that a system can endure [ 32 ]; and the recovery indicator, which measures the recovery time from a flood at each node of the system [ 3334 ].
Resourcefulness is associated with two variables. One variable is the response capacity, which evaluates how the components of a drainage system respond to disturbances through a response indicator that allows for estimating the response magnitude in the area surrounding a flooded node [ 34 ]. The other variable is the amplitude [ 35 ], which evaluates the severity of damage expected in a drainage system after a disturbance through a yearly damage indicator that measures the average damage costs [ 1718 ] and the expected number of affected individuals in a given year [ 18 ].
Redundancy is associated with the variable of absorption capacity [ 43 ], which evaluates the alternatives that can be offered by a drainage system after the failure of one or more of its component; the key indicator is severity, which measures the magnitude and duration of the maximum failure [ 33 ].