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Gastric pain can be a result of peptic ulcer disease. The Department of Gastroenterology & Hepatology, Singapore General Hospital (SGH) shares the causes. When you come to the clinic for the first time to see a physician, we will ask you to up centre offering a comprehensive range of screening services to meet. Three dimensional (3D) conformal radiation therapy at UPMC Hillman Cancer Center uses advanced targeting techniques to treat cancer cells and tumors.
Currently, a specialist physician in the United States may be described as an internist. Another term, hospitalistwas introduced in to describe US specialists in internal medicine who work largely or exclusively in hospitals. In such places, the more general English terms doctor or medical practitioner are prevalent, describing any practitioner of medicine whom an American would likely call a physician, in the broad sense. Physician and surgeon Around the world, the combined term "physician and surgeon" is used to describe either a general practitioner or any medical practitioner irrespective of specialty.
The term may be used by state medical boards in the United States of America, and by equivalent bodies in provinces of Canada, to describe any medical practitioner. North America Elizabeth Blackwellthe first female physician to receive a medical degree in the United States.
In modern English, the term physician is used in two main ways, with relatively broad and narrow meanings respectively. This is the result of history and is often confusing. These meanings and variations are explained below. Physician in the United States In the United States and Canadathe term physician describes all medical practitioners holding a professional medical degree. The American Medical Associationestablished inas well as the American Osteopathic Associationfounded inboth currently use the term physician to describe members.
However, the American College of Physiciansestablished indoes not: American physicians The vast majority of physicians trained in the United States have a Doctor of Medicine degree, and use the initials M.
A smaller number attend Osteopathic schools and have a Doctor of Osteopathic Medicine degree and use the initials D. Subspecialties require the completion of a fellowship after residency. All boards of certification now require that physicians demonstrate, by examination, continuing mastery of the core knowledge and skills for a chosen specialty.
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Recertification varies by particular specialty between every seven and every ten years. Students are typically required to complete an internship in New York prior to the obtention of their professional degree.
Physician supply Many countries in the developing world have the problem of too few physicians. Medical anthropology and History of medicine Biomedicine Within Western culture and over recent centuries, medicine has become increasingly based on scientific reductionism and materialism.
This style of medicine is now dominant throughout the industrialized world, and is often termed biomedicine by medical anthropologists. Within this tradition, the medical model is a term for the complete "set of procedures in which all doctors are trained" R.
Laing, including mental attitudes. A particularly clear expression of this world view, currently dominant among conventional physicians, is evidence-based medicine.
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Within conventional medicine, most physicians still pay heed to their ancient traditions: The critical sense and sceptical attitude of the citation of medicine from the shackles of priestcraft and of caste; secondly, the conception of medicine as an art based on accurate observation, and as a science, an integral part of the science of man and of nature; thirdly, the high moral ideals, expressed in that most "memorable of human documents" Gomperzthe Hippocratic oath ; and fourthly, the conception and realization of medicine as the profession of a cultivated gentleman.
However, medical practitioners often work long and inflexible hours, with shifts at unsociable times.
Their high status is partly from their extensive training requirements, and also because of their occupation's special ethical and legal duties. The term traditionally used by physicians to describe a person seeking their help is the word patient although one who visits a physician for a routine check-up may also be so described.
This word patient is an ancient reminder of medical duty, as it originally meant 'one who suffers'. In considering these alternate traditions that differ from biomedicine see abovemedical anthropologists emphasize that all ways of thinking about health and disease have a significant cultural content, including conventional western medicine. They are included in national system of medicines in countries such as India.
Many disease have their root cause in mind related issues, and most physicians and psychologists following the Western system do not completely understand the functioning of the mind. Such physicians who follow the Western system of science also root out the role of ghosts and spirits as the cause of mind-oriented diseases. Physicians' own health Some commentators have argued that physicians have duties to serve as role models for the general public in matters of health, for example by not smoking cigarettes.
According to a study of male physicians,  life expectancy is slightly higher for physicians If tests come back normal and no organic cause can be found, the gastric pain is termed non-ulcer dyspepsia.
The word dyspepsia itself refers to the presence of persistent or recurrent pain or discomfort centred in the upper abdomen. In a minority of cases, tests can reveal the cause of the gastric pain to be one of the following: A defect in the innermost layer of the stomach or duodenum wall where the small intestine connects to the stomach.
Most peptic ulcers are due to Helicobacter pylori H. Gastro-oesophageal reflux disease GERD: A chronic condition where stomach acid or bile flows back into your food pipe oesophagusirritating its lining.
To rule out GERD, your doctor may recommend an endoscopy. In this exam, a thin tube containing a tiny camera is passed through the mouth to examine the oesophagus, stomach and duodenum.
Gallstones usually do not cause any signs or symptoms. However, inflammation of the gallbladder or blockage of the bile duct may lead to severe abdomen pain. Occasionally, gallstones on their own may cause pain without significant inflammation of the gallbladder or blockage of the bile duct. Ultrasound scans and CT scans can help to reveal the presence of gallstones.