Relationship between mother and baby during pregnancy

relationship between mother and baby during pregnancy

There is no bond stronger than the one between a mother and her child. During the early stages of pregnancy, from around the 4th month, rubbing They say that babies even start recognizing the difference between her. Making a connection with your unborn child can strengthen the bond you share, "When there's a healthy attachment between baby and parent," Hartling says, " the "Bonding during pregnancy gives a mom a better sense of responsibility in . WebMD examines the bond between baby, mother, and father, why it may not happen immediately, and how to foster the connection with your newborn. illness; A past pregnancy loss or loss of a child; Lack of a social network Be in the delivery room during the baby's birth and take part in the delivery.

The invading placental cells paralyse the vessels so they cannot contract, then pump them full of growth hormones, widening them tenfold to capture more maternal blood. These foetal cells are so invasive that colonies of them often persist in the mother for the rest of her life, having migrated to her liver, brain and other organs. Perhaps this enormous blood supply explains why primates have brains five to ten times larger than the average mammal.

Metabolically speaking, brains are extremely expensive organs, and most of their growth occurs before birth. How else is the fetus to fund such extravagance? Is this unfettered access to maternal blood the key to the extraordinary brain development we see in young primates? And that, in a sentence, is why miscarriages are so dangerous.

5 Ways A Child Connects With Mother While Being In The Womb

The embryo is walled out by the tight-packed cells of the endometrium, while an intimate hormonal dialogue takes place. Should the embryo fail to convince its mother that it is a perfectly normal, healthy individual, it will be summarily expelled. How does an embryo convince its mother that it is healthy? By honestly displaying its vigour and lust for life, which is to say, by striving with all its strength to implant.

And how does the mother test the embryo? Just as the placenta has evolved to be aggressive and invasive, the endometrium has evolved to be tough and hostile. For humans, the result is that half of all human pregnancies fail, most at the implantation stage, so early that the mother may not even realise she was pregnant.

Embryonic development becomes a trial of strength. And this leads to another peculiarity of the primate reproductive system — menstruation. But that means her own hormonal signals can struggle to be heard inside the womb. So, rather than risk corruption of the endometrial tissue and ongoing conflict with an embryo, what does the mother do? She just sloughs off the whole endometrium after each ovulation. This way, even the most aggressive embryo has to have her agreement before it can get comfortable.

In the absence of continual, active hormonal signalling from a healthy embryo, the entire system auto-destructs. Around 30 per cent of pregnancies end this way.

I said that the mother struggles to pass hormonal signals into the womb. The thing is, once the embryo implants, it gets full access to her tissues.

This asymmetry means two things. Firstly, the mother can no longer control the nutrient supply she offers the foetus — not without reducing the nutrient supply to her own tissues.

relationship between mother and baby during pregnancy

Fascinatingly, the intensity of the invasion does seem to correlate with brain development. Great apes, the largest-brained primates, seem to experience deeper and more extensive invasion of the maternal arteries than other primates.

In humans — the largest-brained ape of all — placental cells invade the maternal bloodstream earlier even than in other great apes, allowing the foetus unprecedented access to oxygen and nutrients during early development.

Why pregnancy is a biological war between mother and baby | Aeon Essays

One can imagine how the two traits might have arisen in tandem. But the connection remains speculative. Uteri rarely fossilise, so the details of placental evolution are lost to us.

And so it does. The mother counters with manipulations of her own, of course. But there is a strong imbalance: She is walled out by placental membranes, and so her responses are limited to defensively regulating hormones within her own body. Cortisol suppresses her immune system, stopping it from attacking the foetus.

More importantly, it increases her blood pressure, so that more blood pumps past the placenta and consequently more nutrients are available to the foetus. In fact, she pre-emptively reduces her blood sugar levels. She also releases a protein that binds to the foetal hormone, rendering it ineffective.

So then the foetus further increases its production. By eight months, the foetus spends an estimated 25 per cent of its daily protein intake on manufacturing these hormonal messages to its mother.

Gently touch and rub your belly, or massage it. In the last trimesteryou can gently push against the baby or rub your belly where the kick occurred and see if there is a response. Play music to your baby. Give yourself time to reflect, go for a walk or have a warm bath and think about the baby. You may like to write a diary or stories to the baby about what you are experiencing.

Maternal bond - Wikipedia

Relax, look after yourself and try not to stress. Evidence shows that if a mother feels less stressed during her pregnancy, the health outcome for the baby is better.

Your partner or a close friend may be helpful if you need someone to talk to. Feel the baby kicking as often as you can. Attend ultrasound appointments with the mother.

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  • War in the womb

The more confidence you have in the pregnancy and birth process, the easier it will be for you to bond with the baby. Read and talk with the baby so they get used to your voice. Talk to other parents. Share your thoughts and feelings, and allow them to share theirs about their pregnancy and birth experience. Older siblings can bond too By preparing your toddler or child for the upcoming birth, you can help them to bond with the baby.

This may involve talking to them about the baby, reading stories about pregnancy and babies, allowing them to touch your belly to feel the baby kicking, and preparing a gift together for the baby.

Maternal bond

You could involve your child in preparation for the birth by taking them shopping for baby supplies or setting up the nursery. Factors such as a traumatic birth, the mother's childhood, medical stress, lack of support and the influence of a spouse or partner can weaken the bond.

Emotional bonding theory first appeared in the mids, [4] and by the s had become an accepted phenomenon. Soon, the process became analyzed and scrutinized to the point of creating another term — poor bonding. Oxytocin[ edit ] Production of oxytocin during childbirth and lactation increases parasympathetic activity.

relationship between mother and baby during pregnancy

Thus, anxiety is theoretically reduced. Maternal oxytocin circulation is said to predispose women to bond and show bonding behavior, [5] [6] although this has been disputed. A real-world example of this effect can be seen when parents lie about their address to gain admission to better schools for their children.