Relationship between Social Media and Political Parties: The Case of Turkey: /ch This chapter analyzes the capacity of social . Thus, new media have introduced an increased level of instability and unpredictability into the political communication process. The relationship between legacy. This week's blog post looks at the relationship between social media and politics. There's been a lot of talk lately about politics and social.
Some have seen Facebook, Twitter and the like as champions of empowerment; others, more recently, as vehicles for hate. Insurgency or not Social media are still new. In the beginning, most Internet insiders thought their impact on politics would be insurgent, empowering, liberalising.
Social media and political communication in the United States
They were not the first medium to be greeted thus. Much the same was said of mobile phones a decade earlier; and of printing in the Reformation. Whether they did is now more questioned, and any impact certainly has not been sustained. First, insurgents on the right as well as on the left use social media to advance their cause. Racists have felt liberated as well as radicals. The medium itself does not favour one side or another in political debate; it can be used by all.
Social media messages are too short for much sophistication and can be sent without much thought. Anger and aggression have become commonplace, intended to jeer or to intimidate. Women and those from ethnic minorities who engage in political debate are particularly likely to face abuse from trolls.
Such abuse may be coordinated. One British politician reported rape threats in a day. Fourth, fine lines between news, opinion and propaganda are being redrawn. These boundaries were always blurred. In social media, though, there are no editorial constraints. US politics, in particular, has seen an upsurge in falsehoods going viral the politics of conspiracy theory. Clickbait matters more than credibility.
Fifth, governments, political parties and lobbyists are well aware of this. Parties capitalise on social media with varying degrees of effectiveness and truthfulness. Pressure groups of all kinds seek to mould opinion in their favour by maximising online noise.
Rather than insurgent, social media are becoming mainstream in politics within democracies. In this context, this study makes research on social media usage capacities of political parties and party leaders which are in Turkish Parliament, and their success on the using these capacities to realize and contribute democratic and participative understanding of politics. Also, it is interesting that the social media usage strategies of political parties focusing on their party programs.
This study claims that adaption capacity of political actors to the improvements in the understanding of politics and in the information and communication technologies is important because it will be affected on the process of democracy and the position of these actors in the future.
Social media and political communication in the United States - Wikipedia
The frame of this study is that firstly, it explains the democracy and the politics in the process of globalization, the development of information and communication technologies and its effects on political participation. Secondly, it explains relationship between political parties and social media as a part of ICTs.
In this study, only Facebook and Twitter is considered among most of social media sites because these are still on the first place in terms of their user number and usage frequency in Turkey.
All the number of Facebook users is almost equal to all the number of internet users in Turkey. Data about this information are given in the third section of this study. Thirdly, it focuses on the capacity of ICTs and current conditions of Internet and social media in Turkey. It gives information about the Internet usage capacities of citizens. Also, it is important for comparative studies because it provides some data about the information and communication technologies capacities and some socio-political conditions in the country.
Fourthly, it focuses on the social media usage capacity of political parties and political leaders during election and drafting a new constitution. Data are attained by the texts of messages in Facebook and Twitter pages of the actors.
New Media and Political Campaigns - Oxford Handbooks
Moreover, the party strategies and visions about social media are analyzed by means of their party programs. As a conclusion, this study presents the internet usage capacities in Turkey, the capacity of social media usage of political parties and the leaders in the Parliament of Turkey for active political participation which is thought as a potential for realizing more democratic, transparent, interactive, legitimate political processes.
It shows their adaptation capacity to the mentioned transformation processes.