Iron deficiency anemia - Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
Nutritional deficiency anemia mainly results from a lack of iron, but a lack of folate or vitamin B12 can also cause anemia, and a low vitamin C. It's deficiency leads to a disease called Scurvy which is rare in developed countries. The relationship between anemia, Iron deficiency and Vitamin C deficiency. Vitamin C and functional iron deficiency anemia in hemodialysis. Article (PDF . the association between vitamin C treatment and hepcidin.
A range of health problems can arise from nutritional deficiencies. Nutritional deficiency anemia can lead to a low red blood cell count, low hemoglobin in the red blood cells, or red blood cells that do not function as they should. Nutritional deficiency anemia mainly results from a lack of iron, but a lack of folate or vitamin B12 can also cause anemia, and a low vitamin C intake can contribute.
Nutritional deficiency anemia can happen because of a lack of nutrients in the diet or because of an illness or medical condition that make it hard to absorb nutrients. Fast facts on nutritional deficiency anemia: Here are some key points about nutritional deficiency anemia. More detail is in the main article.
Effect of vitamin C supplementations on iron deficiency anemia in Chinese children.
Iron-deficiency anemia can happen when a person does not have enough iron in the diet, or if they have a condition that makes it hard to absorb nutrients. It can lead to a low level of red blood cells. Vitamin-deficiency anemia happens when a person does not consume or absorb enough vitamin B12, or B9, also known as folate. It can cause red blood cells to be an unusual shape, so that they cannot function properly.
Calcium-Rich Foods Calcium is an essential mineral for bone health. However, some evidence shows that it hinders iron absorption, regardless of whether the source is a dairy product or calcium supplement This is worrisome, as increased calcium intake is commonly recommended for children and women, the same populations that are at risk of iron deficiency. However, most studies were short-term and conducted in single meals.
A thorough review of long-term studies found that calcium and milk products did not have any adverse effects on absorption To maximize absorption, calcium-rich foods should not be eaten with meals that provide most of your dietary iron. In the case of supplements, calcium and iron supplements should be taken at different times of the day, if possible.
Foods Containing Polyphenols Polyphenols are found in various amounts in plant foods and beverages, including vegetables, fruits, some cereals and legumes, tea, coffee and wine.
Coffee and tea, both of which are widely consumed around meals, have a high content of polyphenols, and they have been shown to inhibit the absorption of non-heme iron To counteract the negative effect of polyphenols, be sure to leave a couple of hours between your iron-rich meal and your afternoon tea or coffee.
Foods containing phytates, calcium and polyphenols can significantly reduce iron absorption. Iron toxicity from food sources is rare. Once it is consumed, your body has its own balancing system to make certain that it gets just enough. Nevertheless, one report showed that deadly overdoses were possible with excessive intakes of iron supplements Excessive iron levels can also occur in some people with a condition called hemochromatosis.
This is usually caused by a gene that enhances absorption Other causes of iron overload include repeated blood transfusions, massive doses from the diet and rare metabolic disorders.
Additionally, consuming too much iron over time may cause large deposits of it to form in the liver and other tissues.
Consequently, it may lead to diabetes, heart disease and liver damage 20 You should probably never take an iron supplement unless when recommended to you by a health professional. Consuming too much iron can have health risks.
Vitamin C Deficiency & Anemia
Because of this, supplements are not recommended for most people. Tips to Get Enough Iron The tips below can help you maximize your dietary iron intake: Eat lean red meat: This is the best source of easily absorbed heme iron. Eating it several times per week can help if you are deficient. Eat chicken and fish: These are also good sources of heme iron.Best time of the day to take iron supplements - Dr. Surekha Tiwari
Eat a variety of them. Consume vitamin C-rich foods: Eat vitamin C-rich foods during meals to increase the absorption of non-heme iron.
For example, some lemon juice drizzled over leafy greens will increase the amount you absorb. Avoid coffee, tea or milk near meals: Avoid these during meals that contain iron-rich foods.
Have your coffee or tea between meals instead. Choose foods rich in non-heme iron: If you don't eat meat and fish, include plenty of iron-rich plant foods in your diet.
To maximize your iron intake, try to include meat, fish, poultry, beans and lentils in your diet, as well as vitamin C-rich foods during your meals. Also, spread out your tea, coffee and dairy intakes between meals.
Iron is a vital mineral that's essential for the function of your body. Two types of it are found in food — heme and non-heme.
Meat, fish and poultry contain the heme form, which is easily absorbed by your body. Non-heme iron is mainly found in plant foods, but this form is harder for your body to absorb.