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In , she starred in Blue Jasmine, for which she won many accolades, including the Academy Award for Best Actress. .  She studied art history in Scotland at the University of St Andrews, where she met William in . an older term for the cartwheel in gymnastics Catherine Wheel (band), s British alternative. Cartwheels And Pinwheels Gymnastics Competition. Invitational DECEMBER 1st and 2nd, Meet inquiries can be sent to: [email protected] Sunday, June 2, .. cartographer cartographic cartography carton cartoon cartridge cartwheel caruso carve carven medlar medley medusa meek meet meetinghouse meg megabit megabyte megahertz . osaka osborn osborne oscar oscillate oscillatory oscilloscope osgood osha oshkosh osier.
The poet looks out on the sea, on the tongue of land closing in the sea behind the two harbours, and beyond them, to the wider outer sea. Because the town has two waterfronts: Levante and ponente harbor basins, the water-faces turned to the upward- and downward-going sun. The lungomare is one sole theatre balcony gazing out at the sea: Go up a flight of stairs to the one-and-a-half column marking the end of the Via Appia: The fragment of its trunk lies sideways on a tall base, broken not in splinters but along knotty sinews.
Their flight throws the sky open and lengthens distances. The column stands in the air, not on the ground: Across the water, the canal between the two harbours leading out into high water: The columns look beyond the landmark willed by Mussolini, the monument of the seamen fallen at sea: At the foot of the stairs, a patient little archaeological collection: The yellow triangle of the square in front of the cathedral is there to fence in the sky.
Shadows are razor-sharp in the blazing sun. The animal-faced consoles, thick like a comb, supporting the Gothic balcony of the palace that obliquely closes the square on the right, are fulgent apparitions. The orange circolare connecting the peripheral districts meanders on the patched-up asphalt among concrete fences, roof-terraced blocks of flats, to the sea.
Now and again an unwitnessed transfiguration on the empty streets: With their short shadows, the empty bus stops are banal sundials, the whitening afternoon oozes away around them. Now the bus is driving straight ahead between the barbed-wired fences of the military and civil airport, leaving the inhabited areas behind. The Indian figs pay no heed to the barbed wire, they are both inside and outside, nonchalantly showing off their red and yellow figs.
In front, a short concrete fence: On one side of a gaping hole in the fence, a sign prohibits entry and warns of crumbling structures; on the other side, a graffiti points at the hole: Beyond the wall a row of aligned squat bungalows, their whitewash long washed off: Inside, in the forbidden zone, a few teenage boys are dressing, their radio turned to the maximum.
The shores of the little gulf are impatiently lapping up the rolling waves with flat rocky tongues. To the right, the road continues in a long pier; beyond the pier lies the industrial port with its cranes and tows. To the left, several fishermen, unstirring anthropoid cranes; on this side in a hollow, two women are sunbathing in deck chairs they somehow balanced on the rocks.
A graffiti points the way to the pier: Here the stones are dark brown and dull red, with a reddish-yellow silt, as if springs high in iron were welling up among them. Looked at from above, they seem a broad, petrified strip of mud or argile that has been trampled, kneaded into these forms by invisible cloven-hoofed, web-footed, elephant-legged herds: When a wave tumbles down and the tidal backlash sucks water out from among the rocks, for a moment a check pattern trembles on the dimpled water surface above the well-like hole: At the juncture between the water-threads tiny points of light vacillate, projected on the rocks: Time captured in the trap of light.
When the sky is clouded over, the indigo blue of the distant waters is transposed into indigo green, and the golden reflections are supplanted by dimmed mercury light. The direction of the clouds cannot be guessed: After a while, metallic raindrops start falling from their blackish mantle. The rocks on the shore retain all waste. On the bottom of a pit that fills up with seawater through invisible cracks, three springs from the deck chairs of yesteryear: A few steps away, iridescent black rubber or plastic stains sea-changed into mineral sediment lead, like a path strewn with lentils, to another hole, tiny marginal sea, on which a white stain hovers: The find asks for edgy Montale words.
What ebb has shipwrecked the bone blade lighter than water? Like a paper cutting knife, to cut up the thickly inscribed pages of the waves folding upon one another. He gathers the ink sacs into a plastic bag and throws the other entrails, of the size of a fingertip, back into the sea, among the bathers.
The thus-eviscerated creature he first smashes against the rocks with sparing movements, then methodically hammers and mangles into the rockface with a flat wooden bat, until the elastic arms are reduced to an amorphous jelly. Torn out into the empty air that burns its skinless limbs like acid, the creature bleeds a foamy, mucous liquid that looks as if secreted by a flock of snails. Its torment is perhaps only registered by the arms of its fellow creatures touching it along the linear network of pain.
The smaller squids and octopuses do not get the bat: Now and again he rinses them in the sea: I imagine the mollusks being hauled back into their own element, away from the scorching and suffocation, only in order to regain sensitivity for the first blow. The octopus is caught not with a net or spear but with the bare hands, the fisherman says, you need to have a good eye: When it spots you it freezes, because it fears humans: Several times I swim past a woman who is scanning the waters along the coastal cliffs, with a knife fastened to her wrist and a net in her other hand: Out of the water, she cuts up the sea urchins gathered in the net, spoons out their flesh into a plastic bowl.
Then aligns the empty, upward-turned shells on the stone, walnut or lychee peels; death has hatched from their sticky inside. The breeze smears the pebbles with the smell. The foaming, viscous blood of the octopuses dries on the stone into a rainbow.
My last morning on the lungomare: Below them, the unbroken, deep blue distance from which they have been evicted into the asphyxiating air. The foam whipped by the creatures short of sea and the pungent smell is all we hear of their agony; above them, bitten-off, close-vowelled words, with an intonation swinging to the rhythm of the rocking, narrate about sea weather.
At the entrance to the camp a sign warns of infiltration of acque meteoriche from the airport. Meteoric precipitation on the lunar landscape. Obviously the dark red stria cutting deep cracks into the rocks like tiny canyons are heavy metals that ended up here from a different planet.
The rain dripping from the indigo clouds is in fact falling-star dust raining from outer space in drops the colour of mercury, pulled by the gravitational force of the tossing blackish-green water. The spots are the birthplaces of solar events such as flares and coronal mass ejections. SOHO Spacecraft visualisation and during build. Engineering was provided by over international investigators. NASA is responsible for the launch systems and mission operations.
This high-resolution picture shows clearly that the Sun's face is a bubbling sea of separate cells of hot gas or plasma. These cells are known as granules, and are small convection cells. At the centre of the cell the plasma rises, then spreads out towards the edges cooling, to sink down again in a convective loop.
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It is thought that similar but larger cells reside below this upper layer, progressively getting larger the deeper they are into the convective zone; which is aboutkmmi deep. The diameter of the sun spot, can be anything up to around 10, to 15, km 6, to 9, mi across. A display of accelerated ionized particles, tightly spiraling around fringe magnetic fields in dark tendrils, called spicules, occupy the lips of the spot. The dark part of the spot harbors an intense core of magnetic fields emerging out of the convective zone.
The largest optical solar telescope in Europe, SST uses a clear aperture front lens, just under 1 meter in diameter. It is a vacuum telescope, using its lens as a vacuum seal. It uses further 1kHz adaptive optics internally, the first solar telescope to do so; and has a second optic path for colour correction using a Schupmann corrector method.
SST can resolve details as small as 70 km on the suns surface. More detailed accounts, not surprisingly, derive from around the time of the invention of the telescope in the late 15th century. Records exist from around from sightings of Galileo and some of his contemporise It has however taken nearly years of observation, together with theoretical developments alongside, to come up with our present understanding as to what they are.
Observationally, the dark spots we see on the photosphere of the sun are generally found to exist in pairs, or clusters of pairs, that have often, but not always a reverse symmetry, of similar pairsor clusters of pairs; on the opposite hemisphere of the sun, divided by the solar equator.
It is found that one spot of the pair exhibits a magnetic polarity of moment north sayand that the other spot of the pair, the opposite moment, a south pole.
It was in that the US astronomer G. Hale on examination of the spectra of hydrogen, from an area over a sun spot, discovered spectral line-spreading, termed the Zeeman effect, from which it was deduced that sun spots were magnetic phenomenon. What we now understand, graphically displayed in image data from solar telescopes, is that each spot represents the entrance or exit of an enormous grouping of magnetic fields. It is quite staggering to appreciate the magnitude and extent of the magnetic fields causing the sun spots.
Sun Spots - Continued The differential rotation of the outer layers of the sun, from around 25 days at the equator to about 35 days nearer the poles, has the effect of winding the fields around the sun; with most of the winding occurring around the equator. The spots, with little of the heated internal plasma in them, appear dark because they are cool spots on the photosphere, at around 4, K. The sun spots demonstrate a rough 11 year cycle in abundance; and in migratory movement across the face of the sun; before disappearing, to return again, for a similar period, but with the field in reverse.
So only after a period of around 22 years do the same N-S sun spot poles appear in the same hemisphere of the sun. The sun spot cycle is coincident with a luminosity cycle that defines the sun as a star with a small variability.
This variability has been noted to have some climatic effects on the earth. In times of high sun spot activity, the number of mass coronal ejections is increased, causing a high degree of magnetic disturbances on earth, and many aurora around the magnetic, and hence polar, latitudes.
Aurora in the Northern Hemisphere due to sun-spot activity, 4th September Rivermirror by David Cartier Sr; NASA A graph of sun spot activity over a period of observation started in the late 15th century, shows a period where sun spot activity virtually ceased see below.
Earlier period researchers, who had data just sufficient to glean the likelihood of periodic sun spot activity, had been stymied to draw positive conclusions, when the sun spots disappeared. Maunder had helped untangle the myth that, rather than there were no observations made during the lean period of spots, there were actually no spots to observe!
One might speculate as to the cause for a lack of sun spots during the Maunder Minimum. With what we know today, it could be deduced that the convective shell layer of the sun must have reduced to some minimum, below which magnetic entanglement with the dynamo fields generated in the layer, ceased to operate. It is unlikely that convective transport ceased in the outer layers of the sun; but more likely some change in the size of the granules of the convective cells; in theory, the larger the deeper one goes into the convective zone; so some change in cell morphology preventing magnet lock to occur.
Graph shows sunspot numbers. General solar variability trend is shown as black trace. Included is the long Maunder Minimum when almost no sunspots were observed, the less severe Dalton Minimum, and increased sunspot activity during the last fifty years, known as the Modern Maximum.
The causes for these variations are not well understood, but because sunspots and associated faculae affect the brightness of the sun, solar luminosity is lower during periods of low sunspot activity. It is widely believed that the low solar activity during the Maunder Minimum and earlier periods may be among the principal causes of The Little Ice Age. The Modern Maximum is between and These figures are based on an average of measurements from many different observatories around the world.
Prior tosporadic observations of sunspots are available. Jones and John F. Mitchell 15 December Journal of Climate Dutch painter, active in Kampen, the most famous exponent of the winter landscape. Avercamp was mute and was known as "de Stomme van Kampen" the mute of Kampen.
His paintings fall in the period known as The Little Ice Age. The author would like to thank the astronomer author of Astronomy Today — Vol I Chaisson — Mc Millan ; More Precisely Fundamental Forces; for the inspiration to use these images in this section. Understand, driving towards a predictive capability, the solar variations that influence life on Earth and humanity's technological systems by determining How the Sun's magnetic field is generated and structured How this stored magnetic energy is converted and released into the heliosphere and geospace in the form of solar wind, energetic particles, and variations in the solar irradiance.
Some of the SDO's updated instrumentation is quoted as being: